Ultimately, the widespread adoption of automation and robotics, as well as the rise of artificial intelligence will have profound impacts on the world, particularly in terms of human employment and even the global economy, such as the questions asked by Martin Ford, in his book, Rise of the Robots. Martin Ford suggests the outlook is bleak for millions of workers who define their self-worth in terms of their employment. Increasingly workers will no longer be exploited by those in control of capital and intelligent machines, they will be irrelevant to them.